There are various treatment options available to patients with MS. Medications can control the symptoms and maintain normal functions, and rehabilitation strategies can enhance the condition. Many patients also consult a specialist to address changes in mobility, such as an orthotics specialist. A comprehensive, coordinated approach to MS care is the best approach for long-term management.
A person with MS who has experienced a relapse should notify their healthcare team, including a neurologist and MS nurse. The team can provide guidance and support for the patient through a relapse. This may include using medications, allied health care, and rehabilitation. The patient should also keep a journal of symptoms. This is important to the healthcare team, as accurate information helps them to provide the best possible treatment.
Depending on the affected central nervous system part, MS symptoms may involve visual disturbances, altered sensations, and neurological pain. In addition, patients with MS may experience bowel and bladder dysfunction. The lesions in these organs can also impact sexual function. Cognitive abilities may also be affected. If they are impaired, patients with MS may experience difficulty remembering details and performing simple tasks.
In addition to medications, people with MS may also need psychological support. Many times, this extra support can help people with MS cope with the symptoms of the disease and select the appropriate treatment options. They may even want to seek help from a clinical psychologist to manage their condition and choose the most effective option for their individual needs.
MS symptoms can creep up on a person without warning. Generally, symptoms will become worse over time. This means that people with MS need to be checked for symptoms annually. They should also visit a doctor to make sure their symptoms are not affecting their lives. MS can be debilitating if left untreated. A good treatment plan for a person with MS can ease their symptoms and slow the progression of the disease.
One of the first treatments for MS patients is Natalizumab, a medicine that blocks the production of certain immune cells that may damage the CNS. This medication may be used as a first-line treatment for severe MS, but it should be used cautiously as the risk of additional damage to the CNS increases.
Another treatment option for people with MS is an injection called Glatiramer acetate. This medication is given to patients once or twice a week, through the skin. It is believed to reduce the inflammation that is common with MS. However, the drug is also associated with a high risk of side effects. In addition to the medication, patients must undergo safety tests every few months.
Exercise is another important treatment option for people with MS. Exercising regularly can improve symptoms and improve overall health. Try low-impact aerobics, stationary cycling, yoga, and tai chi. In addition to exercise, a balanced diet is essential to maintain a good health.