A new pain-free tooth decay treatment has been developed by scientists at King’s College London. The procedure typically involves drilling out the decayed tooth and filling it with a composite resin or amalgam. The new method uses a tiny electrical current to accelerate the movement of minerals in the tooth. It is expected to become available within three years.
Teeth decay can destroy a tooth if left untreated, although early stages are painless. It is important to see a dentist on a regular basis to prevent further damage. Early stages of decay can be reversed with fluoride treatments, while more serious cases may require a root canal or extraction.
If left untreated, tooth decay can lead to cavities. It can also cause bleeding gums and inflammation of the gums. When this occurs, it can lead to periodontal disease, a disease of the gums that eventually results in the loss of a tooth. In severe cases, decay can destroy the inner layer of the tooth called the pulp and root.
Treatments for tooth decay include fluoride treatments, which can reverse early cavities and strengthen tooth enamel. Fluoride treatments are usually administered in the form of a foam or gel. These treatments may take just a few minutes and can be applied at home. They can also be used as a preventative measure.
Untreated tooth decay may lead to an infection inside the root canal, which is very painful. If the decay has reached the pulp, a dentist will perform root canal treatment, which removes the diseased tooth and seals the tooth with a crown. Otherwise, the tooth will need to be extracted. This procedure can cause the other teeth to move, so it is essential to schedule regular checkups with a dentist.
While many treatments for tooth decay do not involve using dental procedures, it is important to maintain good oral hygiene habits. Brushing twice a day with fluoride toothpaste can strengthen the enamel and remove plaque which contains bacteria and acid that harm your teeth. Your dentist may prescribe anti-cavity rinses or apply special varnishes or sealants to help protect your teeth.
Cavities develop when carbohydrates remain trapped in the teeth. The bacteria that live on the plaque produce acidic by-products which eat away at tooth enamel and form cavities. Over time, cavities can grow bigger and eventually destroy the entire tooth. Treatment for tooth decay is critical to the prevention of future cavities. A regular dental checkup can help to identify the early signs of tooth decay and prevent further damage.
If your child develops a cavity, dental treatment may involve filling or removal of the decayed portion of the tooth. A filling is a tooth-colored material placed inside the tooth to restore the tooth to its original shape. This treatment is also beneficial for adults who have had dental fillings from their childhood.